Mitra and Varuna are a pair of closely related cosmic principles. Like every other principle, the Vedas attribute to them a celestial personality. The hymn to Mitra is recited after the morning Argya water offering to the Sun and the hymn for Varuna in the evening. This design is perfect per the following logic. Mitra enhances harmony which is essential to anyone engaging in the chores of the day. That is to say, clearer decisions arise in a harmonious mind. Some frustration or insult is normal during the course of any working day. Therefore everyone has to clear their minds of these to enjoy the leisure of the evening. Varuna enhances purity and allows. Certainly, a mind expands and feels the freedom only by dropping negative impressions. Surprisingly, the neurons in our brain reflect these two desirable mental states as electrical charges.

Agastya Samhita text describes the functioning of a battery. Agastya call it the Mitra Varuna battery.
A description of the functioning of the Baghdad batter is in Agastya Samhita text

A neuron has a negative electrical potential at rest. However, it becomes positively charges in preparation for action. In scientific Vedic literature, Mitra and Varuna are representation of positive and negative charges. For instance, Rishi Agastya wrote the Agastya Samhita. One section in this text startlingly describes electroplating. Electroplating is the method of coating a base metal like iron with a layer of copper, silver of gold. The following verse is from the Agastya Samhita. In this verse, Agastya calls the electric charge produced by a battery mechanism as the energy infused with the powers of Mitra and Varuna.

संस्थाप्य मृण्मये पात्रे ताम्रपत्रं सुसंस्कृतम्‌।

छादयेच्छिखिग्रीवेन चार्दाभि: काष्ठापांसुभि:॥

दस्तालोष्टो निधात्वय: पारदाच्छादितस्तत:।

संयोगाज्जायते तेजो मित्रावरुणसंज्ञितम्‌॥

Mitra and Varuna in Astronomy

Mitra represents harmony and cohesion. In Vedic astronomy, the lunar mansion, the Nakshatra associated with Mitra lies at the border of the central bulge of the Milky way. There is more chaos within the bulge than outside of it. Scientists characterize the black hole within the bulge as the gobbler of matter. Mitra’s mansion is therefore apt. Varuna’s lunar mansion is on the other side of the bulge. Varuna impulse dominates the sparse and the hot outermost layer of the Milky way.

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